Having an email server that relays unsolicited email from any source is a fast way to get your entire IP block into the email blacklists.
This guide will explain what an open relay is and help you determine if your email server is an open relay.
What Is An Open Relay?
To understand what an open relay is it may help to think of an email server as a card board box. This box has two holes. One is where email
comes in and the other is where email goes out. We'll call this 'our box'.
Under normal conditions, our box will have been set up to only allow email to come in from us. The email we put in then comes out the other
end and is sent to it's destination.
When our box is not set up properly it lets untrusted outsiders send their email through it. When these untrusted senders' email get to their destination it's
going to appear as if the email originated from our box. As you can imagine this can be very harmful for our good reputation as senders of good email.
To go into more detail, an email server usually only allows incoming email that is destined to an address on the server. An email that comes into domain1.com must be
addressed to an address, such as email@example.com, in order to be accepted. An email addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org would be refused. But when the server is running as
an open relay it will accept and forward messages destined to any email address.
The image below illustrates the difference in how a secured server and an open relay function.
How Do I Tell If I'm An Open Relay?
There are several ways to check this. But the easiest way by far is to use the Unlock The Inbox Open Relay Tool
. It will attempt to
relay a message through your email server and report whether it was successful or not.
My Server Is An Open Relay. Now What?
You should consult the documenation that came with your email server to find the appropriate steps to take to turn relaying off.
You can come back to the Unlock The Inbox Open Relay Tool
to retest your servers once you've made the changes.